English Language Teaching : Role-plays and Projects
Анотація: Дана стаття торкається таких сучасних напрямків вивчення англійської мови як навчально-рольова гра та метод проектів, які інтегрують в собі всі аспекти вивчення мови та види діяльності, відкривають шлях до творчості та дослідницької роботи.
Nowadays the whole English Language Teaching community is entering a new stage of interactive learning by means of new technologies. That`s why we must use the most effective teaching methods and aids at our disposal. Role-plays, projects, video situations can greatly widen our horizons of creativity. English for Specific Purposes (ESP) project is a valuable approach it integrates all the language skills and takes an opportunity of using performances in the learning process. From the point of view of research work the project takes language learning out of the classroom into the real world. Culminating moment of the game is presentation of the project in public. The system of role-plays is a valuable approach because it is very motivating and integrates all the language skills. It encourages the students to work independently and together and involves genuine communication. It takes language learning out of the classroom into the real world. More over ESP role-plays take an opportunity of using performances in the learning process. This method encourages cooperation and sharing of the ideas and skills within the group.
The method of presentations and explanations, so common for classroom activities, is of much help. As for multi-media in the performances colourful and funny posters are also employed as an aid in grasping the meaning of unknown words. Slides and recordings are used as a mean of further explanations. The only thing is a technique has to be dealt with very carefully, not to overburden the plot. Music and songs accompanying acting help the audience to relax.
So, project work and role-plays motivate the learners, organize class, stimulate the practice, help to design the materials and collate information, assemble the end-product (presentation in public).
The teacher’s role is to be the motivator, helper, and adviser to watch and see that the groups are working effectively together, that the tasks are being shared out equally, that class time is being used efficiently.
Brown, Principles Language Learning And Teaching,2000 -